Project MORE ENERGY – Mobile Demonstration Line for Generation of Renewable Energy from Micronised Biomass – is being implemented by the Institute of Mechanized Construction and Rock Mining. Duration of the project: 01/10/2011 – 31/12/2014 (extended to 30/09/2015). Project’s realization is possible due to support of the LIFE + financial instrument and the NFOŚiGW means.
The main objective of the project is to demonstrate the operation of an innovative technology for generation of energy from waste biomass. The main advantage of the technology is based on micronisation. The micronization process consists of bringing the particles of the fragmented material into a particles with diameter of <100 microns.
The technology used in the project was developed for processing of food products and for energetic purposes was verified at the laboratory scale and has been verified experimentally. Based on this, certain basic parameters of the process have been developed. Adapting technology to reach the technical scale requires refining of technical assumptions. The technology is innovative at the world scale; hence there is no ready-made production equipment, which could be implemented.
The main objective of the project will be achieved through:
- Construction of a mobile demonstration line basing on the technology of micronisation
- Verification of the technology in operation
- Information campaign on the project
Demonstration line will be carried out at a minimum scale allowing for the implementation of this solution into the economy. It is planned that an entrance modules and raw material pre-treatment module will allow for the processing of two tons per hour, the turbine will be tailored to the size and will have a power of 2 MW (this will be the smallest of the known turbines on the market, converted from aviation turbine).
A process implemented within a project framework – micronization of wet waste biomass – is a novel solution in the global scale. The process of fragmentation is physical in character and at that time no chemical reaction is taking place. Therefore, there is no need for any catalysts, or no by-products are created. Therefore, the starting material has the same qualitative – quantitative composition as a material subjected to fragmentation.
Innovation aspect of the technology is due to putting together micronization set with turbine set, what will result in direct conversion of biomass into electricity.
The raw material for fuel from micronized biomass wheat straw is a grey straw – a product of an agricultural processing, which undevelopped number in European countries exceeds 50 million tons.
The long-term impact of the project will contribute to reducing negative environmental impact of production of energy. Start of production of energy in rural areas brings benefits for:
- local communities – they gain access to price competitive energy produced from local resources
- environment – energy will be produced from renewable resources instead of fossil fuels
- economy – using local resources enable Europe’s countries to reduce dependency on fossil fuels imported mainly from third countries
Through the use of micronization technology allowing straw cause to a state gaseous fuel the project aims to demonstrate that it is possible to produce electricity for small communities, using local renewable biomass resources. Importantly, the use of biomass would not be competitive for the rest of the agricultural production, because straw is a byproduct of in the cultivation of cereals. This technology is part of the objectives of distributed generation, involving the building of small production units across the country.
- reduction of the energy purchasing costs
- increase of local communities revenue through the sale of biomass to local power plants
- replacement of fossil fuels by renewable sources
- reduction of the need to build a large power networks
- reduction of losses arising from the transmission of energy over long distances